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Dentistry in ASEAN Countries
Brunei Darussalam

Brunei Darussalam
Brunei Darussalam, Brunei for short, locates between Sarawak and Sabah of Malaysia on the Northwest of Borneo Island, the third biggest island in the world. The total land area covers 5765 square kilometers. Brunei borders Malaysia’s Sarawak on three sides, dividing itself into two connected parts. Brunei is adjacent to the South China Sea to its North with a coastline of

about 161 kilometers. The country is typical of tropical rainforest climate with lots of rain all the year round and an annual temperature of 28℃. Brunei was called Borneo in ancient times. Brunei exports 21500 barrels of oil and a large quantity of natural gas every day, making it one of the richest countries in the world. “Brunei” means “plant” in Malay language and refers specifically to “mango” when used as the name of the country. In Arabic, Darussalam means “the land of peace and happiness” and Brunei is just like a country in the Arabic fairy tale: the splendid and magnificent imperial buildings, the polite and courteous Islamic people and well-off citizens……All these make Brunei a miracle under the wind of Allah and a Arabic fairyland in 21stcentury.

The Dental Department of Brunei is under the Ministry Of Health of Brunei. The total number of dentist in Brunei is 97. Among them, there are 44 local dentists and 31 expatriate dentists in Ministry of Health, 6 dentists in Ministry of Defense and 16 private dentists. The ratio of Dentists to Population is 1:4272. The main centre for dental services is the NATIONAL DENTAL CENTRE. Brunie attaches great importance to stomatology education and training. The National Dental Centre of Brunei conducts a 3 year Diploma Course of Dental Therapy and Hygiene with London King’s College. Each cohort is about 10 students and currently the 3rd cohort is going on. Local dentists are also trained overseas, usually in United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand.

The Dental Department of Brunei:


Logo of Department of Dental Services, Ministry Of Health, Brunei Darussalam

National Dental Centre

The Dental Department of Brunei is under the Ministry Of Health of Brunei.
The number of dentists in Brunei Darussalam :-
Total dentists in Brunei = 97
Local dentists in Ministry of Health  = 44
Expatriate dentists in Ministry of Health = 31
Total dentists in Minstry of Health = 75
Private dentists = 16
Dentists in Ministry of Defence = 6
The ratio of Dentists to Population =  1   :   4272
The main centre for dental services is the NATIONAL DENTAL CENTRE.
There are dental services provided in 4 main hospitals in the 4 districts of Brunei Darussalam.
There are dental clinics in 15 decentralized community health centres for out patients and antenatal services.
There are dental clinics in 56 primary schools for dental services to primary school children.
There is 1 dental clinic in the prison.
There is 1 dental clinic in the police headquaters.

The Dental Services provides :-
1. Specialized Dental Services  - Implantology, Orthodontics, Prosthodontics, Endodontics, Periodontology, Paediatric Dentistry, Dental Public Health and Oral health Promotion.

2. General Dentistry  - Conservation, Extractions, oral health education

3. School Dental Services – Static Dental clinics and Mobile Dental Squad. Service providers are dental therapists.

Local dentists are trained overseas usually in United Kingdom, Australia, NewZealand.
Dental specialists are also trained in United Kingdom, Australia, new Zealand and Unted States of America.

School of Dental Therapy and Hygiene
The National Dental Centre of Brunei conducts a 3 year Diploma course of Dental Therapy and Hygiene with London King’s College. Each cohort is about 10 students. Currently 3rd cohort. Scope of work after qualification is children dentistry, adult simple dentistry and adult hygienists.

1. Primary Oral Care
2. Oral Health Promotion
3. Research and Development

1999 Oral Health Status
• dmft 5 year olds 7.1
• DMFT 12 year olds 4.6
National Oral Health Survey to be done 2012 and 2013


Locations – all Dental clinics
Providers – all Dental Officers
Dental services provided to antenatal mothers with Oral Health Promotion for mother and child to be born.

2. PARENTS AND TODDLERS PROGRAMME – For 5 Years old and below.
Locations -All Community Health Centres
                    All Maternity and Child Health centres
Providers – Dental Nurses / Therapists

Oral Health Education - Parents and children 5 years and below given Oral health Education 2 x a year until children reach 5 years old.

Fluoride varnish - Children from 2 to 5 years old given fluoride varnish 2x a year until 5 years old.


Interventive Oral Health Promotion -Children 9 months old given a bag with toothbrush, toothpaste, feeder cup, oral health promotion information. These children will be followed up and given toothbrush and toothpaste every six months until 5 years old.


Locations – All primary schools
Providers – Collaboration of Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education


Locations – schools, hospitals, Institutions, commercial centres, shopping malls
Providers – Dental Officers and Dental Nurses/Therapists
Exhibitions, screening, seminars, talks, toothbrushing drills, puppet shows, dramas, dental songs/dance, banners, posters, pamphlets, bookmarks, mousepads, booklets, bags

5. MEDIA – Oral Health Promotion through television, radio and newspapers, magazines

6. Brunei does not have a Dental Association yet but is in the process.

7. Brunei does not have a dental school yet but an undergraduate Dental Degree course is in the process with joint University of Brunei and King’s College London.